About Me

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I am a lifelong student of military history with particular interest in the Battle of Antietam. I work for the federal government in Washington DC and have two young adult children who I love very much. I currently volunteer at Antietam and devote much time to the study of this battle and the Maryland Campaign. I enjoy collecting notable contemporary quotations by and about the men of Antietam. Since 2013 I have been conducting in depth research on the regular artillery companies of the Union Army and their leaders. I hope to turn this into a book on this subject in the future. My perspective comes from a 28-year career in the U.S. Army. Travels took me to World War II battlefields in Europe and the Pacific where American valor ended the tyranny of Nazism and Empire. But our country faced its own greatest challenge 80 years earlier during the Civil War. And it was the critical late summer of 1862, when Robert E. Lee launched the Maryland Campaign. It is an incredible story of drama, carnage, bravery, and missed opportunities that culminated around the fields and woodlots of peaceful Sharpsburg MD. So join me as I make this journey South from the North Woods.

Sunday, March 7, 2010

Getting Ready for Spring

Spring at long last is slowly and tentatively returning. The longer days and warmer sunshine melt the great piles of snow that still hold my front yard in a glacier like grip. My mind turns more and more to anticipating my weekend volunteer activities at Antietam National Battlefield. Next weekend the spring hiking tours resume with a hike centered (not surprisingly as it is Saint Patrick’s Day) on the Irish Brigade at Antietam. This month we resume training of our volunteer historical interpreters who man the Napoleon gun in Battery B, 4th United States Artillery and the muskets of the 3rd Maryland Infantry. Their programs will debut the last Saturday in June and run through September.

For me an essential part of preparing for the new season is pulling out what I believe is the definitive work on the Maryland Campaign. Over the past month, I re-read Joseph Harsh’s classic Taken at the Flood – Robert E. Lee & Confederate Strategy in the Maryland Campaign of 1862 (Kent: The Kent State University Press, 1999). While perhaps not as well known as the other two comprehensive Antietam histories, Stephen Sears Landscape Turned Red, or even James Murfin’s Gleam of Bayonets, TATF is by far the most objective, comprehensive and best documented work of the three. While designed as a thorough, strategic focus of the Maryland Campaign from the point of view of Robert E. Lee, it nevertheless treats George B. McClellan’s actions as objectively as I have ever seen in print. Harsh who grew up in Washington County knew the ground intimately. His clear description of the terrain make it easy for me, an avid battlefield hiker and photographer at some level, to clearly visualize every place that he describes in the work. Sadly Harsh who intended to write an accompanying book from McClellan’s point of view and perhaps even another on the tactical level view of the battle, was never able to accomplish that. In the course of my study this year, I pulled eighty-three absolutely tremendous quotes from the book that I have added to my collection. Some of them will appear in Antietam Voices soon.

Perhaps one work that approaches Harsh in terms of objectivity and which provides a good look at the Federal side of the Maryland Campaign is Vince Armstrong’s Unfurl Those Colors McClellan, Sumner, & The Second Army Corps in the Antietam Campaign (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008). While a detailed study of the Second Corps, Armstrong also provides what I believe is an objective look at McClellan’s plan and his actions for much of the day. In my mind, a great collection of detailed and skillfully etched maps, properly located in a book are the difference between a good book and a great book. Again, Armstrong like Harsh, do not disappoint here. He has some tremendous maps that I believe are essential to a study of this field. Armstrong’s work is not uncontroversial when it comes to his interpretation of French’s attack of the Sunken Road, but it is a position worth looking at with an open mind. Armstrong uses a large number of primary sources, soldier’s diaries and regimental histories that are also rich in evocative quotes. I understand the he is working on a companion piece that will detail the actions of the Confederates in the Sunken Road and West Woods. I look forward to seeing that work.

The other good book that I am reviewing again is McClellan’s War by Ethan Rafuse (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005). I read the book a year or so ago, but every spring reread the chapters on McClellan’s resumption of command of the Army of the Potomac and his campaign in Maryland. Like Harsh, Rafuse provides an excellent chronological time line in this book, of McClellan’s activities in the days leading up to the Battle of Antietam. He is also very objective and provides a very accurate portrayal of McClellan acknowledging his character flaws but also respecting his great abilities as a planner and organizer and motivator of the men of the Army of the Potomac.

And next spring when I am doing this all over again, I will have two other books to add to my collection of reviews. In just a couple of months, Dr. Tom G. Clemens edition of The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 Volume 1 South Mountain will appear. Published by Savas Beatie, this work promises to be the definitive edit of Ezra Carmen’s long unpublished manuscript of the Maryland Campaign. I will have more to say when this one comes out. The other is Antietam September 17, 1862 that is authored by Antietam Ranger John Hoptak. It will be published by the Western Maryland Interpretive Association in the late spring of this year. John is the author of the important work Our Boys Did Nobly, Schuylkill County Pennsylvania, Soldiers at the Battles of South Mountain and Antietam.

So as this warm Sunday morning brings further promise of spring, I am heading for the battlefield. See you there!


  1. Thank you for mentioning our book, “The Maryland Campaign of 1862” by Ezra Carman and edited by Thomas Clemens. If you would like more information about the book, including an excerpt, or its editor, please check at http://www.savasbeatie.com/books.htm.

  2. Thanks Veronica. I look forward to seeing it very soon. Jim

  3. Can you tell me the location and point of view of the landscape shot you have included in this post? It's tantalizingly familiar, but I can't match up any landmarks w/ what I remember of the area. Thanks.

  4. Jeff
    The view is looking south from the Visitor Center towards the town of Sharpsburg. Visible on the left is the cemetery. In the center distance is the Ninth New York obelisk. In the front, the fenceline is Richardson Avenue. The limestone outcroppings in the field are west of the Piper farmhouse and are along the Hagerstown Pike.